Martial Arts Wiki
Feng Zhiqiang
Also called Tai Chi Chuan
Country of origin China
Focus Standup Grappling, Striking

Taijiquan (traditional Chinese: 太極拳; simplified Chinese: 太极拳; pinyin: tàijíquán) is a Northern Chinese martial art. Taiji is a Chinese cosmological concept that refers to the dynamic interplay between Yin and Yang. Quan translates to 'Fist'. Therefore, Taijiquan is a martial art style that is based on the interplay of Yin and Yang.

Chen Style Taijiquan was founded by Chen Wangting in Chenjiagou during the 17th century in Ming dynasty.

Five generations later in the Chen family, Chen Changxing (1771 - 1853) taught an outsider named Yang Luchan (1799 - 1872) who became the founder of Yang Style Taijiquan.

Today, Yang Style Taijiquan is the most popular style of Taijiquan as it is the first style to be publicized in the 19th century whereas Chen Style wasn't publicized until the 20th century. Most of today's Tai Chi that is focused on health and spirituality mostly stems from Yang Style.

Yang Luchan has a senior son named Yang Banhou (1837–1890) known for his known for his bellicose temperament. One of Yang Banhou's disciples is Wu Quanyou (1834–1902) whose son, Wu Jianquan (1870 - 1942), became the founder of Wu Style Taijiquan.

Today's five main families of Taijiquan are: Chen, Yang, Wu/Hao, Wu and Sun.

Chen Style Taijiquan has two forms known as Yi Lu (First Road) and Er Lu (Second Road, also known as Pao Chui).

Yang Style Taijiquan is based off of Chen Style's Yi Lu (First Road), and by extension, its descendent styles as well. It is said that Yang Luchan removed aspects of the form such as jumping, Zhen Jiao (Shocking Foot), and Fa Jin (Release Jin).