Martial Arts Wiki
Also called Karate-dō
Country of origin Okinawa
Descendant arts Taekwondo
Focus Striking

Karate is a martial art developed in the Ryukyu Islands (Okinawa, Japan) from indigenous fighting methods te (手, literally: "hand") and Chinese kenpō. Karate is characterized as a striking art using punching, kicking, knee and elbow strikes and open-handed striking techniques such as knife-hands (the famous "karate chop") and palm strikes. Grappling, locks, restraints, throws, and vital point strikes are taught in some styles. A karate practitioner is called as a karateka.The WKF claims that there are 100 million practitioners worldwide.


Karate developed in the Ryukyu Kingdom prior to its 19th century annexation by Japan. It was brought to the Japanese mainland in the early 20th century during a time of cultural exchanges between the Japanese and the Ryukyuans. In 1922 the Japanese Ministry of


Education invited Gichin Funakoshi to Tokyo to give a karate demonstration. Keio University became the first Japanese university to open a dojo; by 1932, all Japanese universities had dojo. After the second world war, Okinawa became an important United States military site and karate became popular among servicemen stationed there.

The martial arts movies of the 1960s and 1970s served to greatly increase its popularity, and the word karate began to be used in a generic way to refer to all striking-based Oriental martial arts. Karate schools began appearing across the world, catering to those with casual interest as well as those seeking a deeper study of the art.


In Japan[]

Gichin Funakoshi (1868-1957), founder of Shotokan karate, is generally credited with having introduced and popularized karate on the main islands of Japan. In addition many Okinawans were actively teaching, and are thus also responsible for the development of karate on the main islands of Japan.

Techniques and Stances[]

Stances used in Karate
Japanese English
Dachi Stance
Heisoku Dachi Closed foot stance (feet together)
Musubi Dachi Heels together - feet at an angle
Heiko Dachi Parallel stance (feet shoulder width apart)
Hachiji Dachi Natural stance (feet shoulder width apart - toes slightly pointed out)
Shiko Dachi Straddle leg stance
Kiba Dachi Horse riding stance
Sanchin Dachi Hourglass stance
Zen Kutsu Dachi Front Stance
Han Zen Kutsu Dachi Half front stance
Fudo Dachi Free stance
Kokutsu Dachi Back stance
Neko Ashi Dachi Cat stance
Renoji Dachi "L" stance
Seisan Dachi Side facing straddle stance
Koshi Dachi Squat stance
Movements of foot used in Attack
Japanese English
Suri Ashi Sliding step
Tsugi Ashi Shuffling step
Ayumi Ashi Natural stepping
Yori Ashi Dragging step
Keri Ashi Kicking foot
Tenshin Moving
Chakuchi Landing
Issoku-cho One foot length
Parts of the Arm used in Attack
Japanese English
Zuki Punch
Uchi Strike
Age Zuki rising punch
Kagi Zuki hook punch
Yama Zuki Mountain punch
Awase Zuki Two handed punch
Heiko Zuki Parallel punch
Hasami Zuki Scissors punch
Nagashi Zuki Flowing punch
Ko Uchi Bent wrist strike
Washi-De Eagle hand
Kaisho Open hand
Choku Zuki Straight punch
Ura Zuki Upper punch
Uraken Uchi Back fist strike
Furi Zuki Circular punch
Mawashi Zuki Round hook punch
Tate Zuki Vertical punch
Kizami Zuki Jab punch
Oi Zuki Lunge punch
Gyaku zuki Reverse punch
Nihon Zuki Double punch
Sanbon Zuki Triple punch
Jun Zuki Leading punch
Morote Zuki Two fisted punch
Furi Sute Whip swing
Hojo Oshi Augmented push
Tsukami Hiki Grab-pull
Ashi Dori Leg take down
Toki Waza Freeing technique
Hazushi Waza Throwing-off technique
Nage Waza Throwing technique
haito Uchi ridge hand
hiji uchi (empi) elbow strike
kaiko-ken flat fist
koken bent wrist
nakadaka-ken middle finger knuckle fist
nukite Uchi finger thrust
seiken fist
shotei Uchi palm of hand
shuto Uchi knife hand
tettsui hammer hand
yubi hasami finger pincOther

More Information[]

There are plenty pages, which deliver further information about martial arts in general or to certain sports, like judo, karate...