Martial Arts Wiki

A hand strike is a strike made with the arm or the hand. While not usually as powerful as kicks, strikes do not leave the attacker as vulnerable and can reach certain targets (such as the head) much faster than a kick.

Types of hand strikes[]


Punches are probably the most common type of hand strike. The blow is made with the knuckles of the closed fist. Some martial arts, such as boxing, only allow punches. However, punching can be dangerous as the knuckles can be injured.

  • Jab A straight punch delivered with the arm on the same side as the lead foot.
  • Cross Similar to the jab, but delivered from the rear side hand.
  • Hook A punch made to the side of the opponent by turning the body.
  • Uppercut A punch made upwards towards the target. Usually used on the chin.

Other strikes[]

  • Palm strike - A strike made with the bottom of the palm. The fingers can be open or folded against the bottom knuckles.
  • Knifehand (commonly called a karate chop) - A strike with the outside edge (between the wrist and knuckle of the pinky finger) of the hand with the fingers extended.
  • Ridgehand - A strike with the inside edge of the hand or the forearm.
  • Hammerfist - A strike with the bottom of the closed fist.
  • Extended knuckle - Similar to a punch, except with one knuckle (either that of the index or middle finger) extended. It can only be used on weak targets.
  • Backfist - A strike with the top of the two largest knuckles.
  • Long fist or leopard strike (in Chinese martial arts) - A strike with the first two joints of the fingers folded inwards,
  • Chestting with the fore-knuckles.
  • Elbow strike - A strike with the elbow. It can be delivered forwards, sideways, backwards, upwards, or sideways.
  • Chestnut strike - a strike using the knuckles off your fist
  • Double fist or U punch - Punch that uses both fists to strike at the same time.